Postoperative condition of patients as a result of treatment of inguinal hernias by laparoscopic and open methods
Keywords:inguinal hernia, laparoscopy, open access surgery, analysis of methods, operation
Purpose – to analyze condition of patients after surgical treatment of inguinal hernias by laparoscopic and open methods.
Materials and methods. A retrospective review of medical histories and outpatient charts of all patients who underwent inguinal hernia surgery at the Kyiv City Clinical Hospital No. 1 from January 2018 to July 2020 was conducted.
Results. During the above period of time in our hospital open hernioplasty was performed in 86 patients, laparoscopic hernioplasty – 138 patients. With open hernioplasty, the average duration of surgical treatment was 40±12 minutes. The laparoscopic technique was 35±12 minutes. The length of hospital stay was significantly longer in the group of patients with the open method (48±12 hours) than in the group of laparoscopic plastic surgery (12±3 hours). From the group of patients who underwent open hernioplasty, 62 patients complained of long-term pain syndrome, from the group of laparoscopy – 12 patients. The cosmetic appearance was dissatisfied with 34 patients in the open access group and only 2 patients in the laparoscopic plastic group. Postoperative complications were observed in 34 patients who underwent surgical treatment through open access, and in 15 patients – by laparoscopy.
Conclusions. The laparoscopic approach of inguinal hernia surgery is superior to open access, as it reduces the length of hospital stay, postoperative recovery, improves the aesthetic effect of the operation, reduces the frequency of infection of incisions. According to the results of the study, this technique gives a better result in the early postoperative period, a lower percentage of chronic pain and a higher degree of patient satisfaction compared to open access with the same low recurrence rate. Therefore, in our opinion, laparoscopic access to hernioplasty is the optimal method of treatment and can be recommended as a method of choosing inguinal hernia surgery. Postoperative assessment of the quality of life of patients after treatment of inguinal hernia by laparoscopic and open methods.
The research was carried out in accordance with the principles of the Helsinki declaration. The study protocol was approved by the Local ethics committee of all participating institution. The informed consent of the patient was obtained for conducting the studies.
No conflict of interest was declared by the authors.
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