Staged laparoscopic traction orchiopexy by Shehata: first experience, technical features, results




abdominal cryptorchidism, orchiopexy, staged treatment, Shehata procedure


Purpose – to evaluate the results of proposed method of staged laparoscopic traction orchiopexy by Shehata on the basis of our own experience in the treatment of children with abdominal cryptorchidism.

Materials and methods. During the period 2019–2021, 18 boys aged 9 months – 4 years were operated with staged laparoscopic traction orchiopexy procedure. Right unilateral abdominal cryptorchidism observed in 10 children, left – in 6, bilateral – in 2. Indications for the procedure were cases of intra-abdominal testicular retention with short vessels.

Results. Pelvic and iliac retentions observed in 44% of cases. In 22% testicles were located close to the inner inguinal ring, in 33% the distance between testicle and inguinal canal opening reached 3–4 cm. The 2nd stage was carried out in 3 months. Successful orchiopexy was conducted then in 94% cases without any vascular tension. No cases of testicular dislocation or atrophy have been reported. The volume of operated testicles was smaller than the healthy ones in 78% cases objectively.

Conclusions. The experience of Shehata operation showed good effect of the method for correction of abdominal cryptorchidism. Indications for staged laparoscopic traction orchiopexy are abdominal undescended testicles with insufficient length of vessels. The technique allows to achieve effective elongation of spermatic vessels in a short period of time and to minimize the risks of atrophy, compared with the 2-stage Fowler–Stephens operation.

This study was conducted in accordance with the principles of the Helsinki Declaration. The research protocol was approved by the Local Ethics Committee of the institution mentioned in the work. Informed parental agreement was obtained for the research.

No conflict of interests was declared by the authors.


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Original articles. Urology and gynecology