Efficacy of regional analgesia in prevention of chronic postsurgical pain in children on the PEDSQL General Well-Being Scale and Pediatric Pain Questionnaire
Keywords:Chronic Pain, Quality of Life, Children, Regional Analgesia, Рrevention
Introduction. In pediatrics, regional anesthesia is one of the most valuable and safest means of perioperative pain management and chronic pain prevention. Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 3.0 General Well-Being Scale and Pediatric Pain Questionnaire allow for assessing the impact of pain on children and their families via studying changes in Quality of Life scores for the scales of Present Pain and Worst Pain, General Well-Being and General Health.
Purpose - to assess the impact of regional analgesia on the prevention of chronic postsurgical pain using PedsQL™ 3.0 questionnaires.
Materials and methods. Following the inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 80 children were enrolled in the study. Among them, there were 60 children who underwent anterior abdominal wall surgery with various types of anesthetic management and were treated at the surgical department of a Communal Non-Profit Enterprise “Ivano-Frankivsk Regional Children’s Clinical Hospital of Ivano-Frankivsk Regional Council”. All patients were divided into 4 groups. The Group 0, the control group, included 20 children who had no surgical pathology and met inclusion criteria. The Group I comprised 20 children who underwent anterior abdominal wall surgery under general anesthesia using the transversalis fascia plane block combined with the quadratus lumborum block-4 via a single injection. The Group II included 20 children who underwent anterior abdominal wall surgery under general anesthesia using morphine. The Group III comprised 20 children who underwent anterior abdominal wall surgery under general anesthesia using the transversalis fascia plane block.
Results. The prevalence of chronic pain syndrome in children who received conventional analgesia was the highest - 19.81±0.21%. Children who underwent conventional analgesia, while staying in the surgical department, had significantly higher the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability scale and Visual Analogue Scale scores as compared to those who received other forms of regional analgesia.
Discussion. Three and six months after surgery, in patients who received conventional analgesia, quality of life significantly reduced (p<0.001) on the scales of General Well-Being, General Health, Present Pain, and Worst Pain. This shows the need for using effective minimally invasive regional analgesia techniques in the perioperative period.
Conclusions. Chronic pain syndrome reduces quality of life in children by reducing their general well-being and general health due to high indicators of present and worst pain. Regional analgesia techniques are a priority for the prevention of chronic pain syndrome.
The research was carried out in accordance with the principles of the Helsinki Declaration. The study protocol was approved by the Local Ethics Committee of the participating institution. The informed consent of the patient was obtained for conducting the studies.
No conflict of interests was declared by the author.
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