Methods of treating jaw cysts in children. Retrospective analysis
Keywords:tumor-like neoplasms, cystotomy, cystectomy, children, jaw
Odontogenic cysts of the jaws are one of the most common tumour-like neoplasms of the maxillofacial region in children. Today, there are various methods of treating cysts, but in childhood, the problem of choosing a treatment method is relevant and at the same time difficult, as some authors prefer cystectomy, while others prefer cystotomy.
Purpose - to analyze the methods of treatment and management of jaw cysts in children depending on the type of cyst.
Materials and methods. A retrospective analysis of 286 case histories of patients with jaw cysts aged 4 to 17 years was performed. The case histories were analysed according to the developed examination chart.
Results. A retrospective analysis of 286 case histories of children with jaw cysts was performed. The age of the children ranged from 4 to 18 years. Radicular dentoalveolar cysts were diagnosed in 35% (n=100) of cases, radicular cysts - in 36% (n=104), follicular cysts - in 15% (n=43), suppurative cysts - in 5% (n=14), residual cysts - in 5% (n=14), primary bone cysts - in 3% (n=7), polycystic cysts - in 2% (n=4). Cystotomy was performed in the vast majority of cases - 58% (n=166), cystectomy - in 42% (n=120). Tamponade was performed in 63% (n=181) of cases, and in 37% (n=105) it was not performed.
Conclusions. Radicular cysts are the most common odontogenic cysts of the jaws. Cystotomy and cystectomy are variable methods of cyst treatment. The most common method of treating cysts in children is cystotomy.
The research was carried out in accordance with the principles of the Helsinki Declaration. The study protocol was approved by the Local Ethics Committee of the participating institution. The informed consent of the patient was obtained for conducting the studies.
No conflict of interests was declared by the authors.
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